An estimated 90 million Americans experience dizziness at least once
in their life. Symptoms of dizziness can include: vertigo, unsteadiness,
head spinning, loss of balance, visual disturbance, lightheadedness, fatigue,
wooziness, nausea, and feeling faint. Some people develop permanent balance
deficits and functional limitations.
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
found that those with symptomatic vestibular dysfunction have a
12 fold increase in odds of falling.
Vertigo can be caused by peripheral (inner ear) and central (brain) vestibular deficits. Three fourths of vestibular disorders are peripheral in nature either from the inner ear and/or the vestibular nerve. The most common peripheral disorder is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
Research studies have shown that customized vestibular rehabilitation programs were more effective in resolving symptoms.
Premier Rehab Physical Therapy for vestibular rehabilitation involves a detailed assessment using clinically and evidence based tools. Intervention can include specialized exercises to improve gait and gaze stabilization involving head and eye movements to stimulate and retrain the vestibular system, as well as overall strengthening and conditioning.
By improving vestibular function and promoting central adaption, therapy aims to improve the following:
Decrease sensation of dizziness
Improve stability with body movements
Improve neuromuscular coordination
Decrease anxiety and stress due to vestibular disorientation